THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS AT BROWNSVILLE
and
TEXAS  SOUTHMOST COLLEGE

PLAB 1223 PHLEBOTOMY SYLLABUS

Instructor: Ana Linville, BAAS, MT (AMT)      Phone Number: (956) 882-5028    LHSB 2.226
 

Course Description Course Competencies Lecture Objectives Laboratory Objectives Affective Objectives
Unit Titles Learning Activities Text &  Assignments Additional Resources Evaluation & Grading
Statement on Disabilities Emergency Academic Continuity Program

I. COURSE IDENTIFICATION DESCRIPTION:

A. COURSE TITLE: PHLEBOTOMY

B. DEPARTMENT: Medical Laboratory Technology

C. COURSE NUMBER: PLAB 1223

D. LECTURE:1 hour  LAB: 5 hours per week in clinical practicum
After introductory sessions on campus, Students will spend 5 hours a week in an area hospital training to perform phlebotomy and specimen collection

E. CREDITS: 2 semester hour

F. CATALOG DESCRIPTION:
Skill development in the performance of a variety of blood collection methods using proper techniques and universal precautions. Includes vacuum collection devices, syringes, capillary skiing puncture, butterfly needles and blood culture, and specimen collection on adults, children and infants. Emphasis on infection prevention, proper patient identification, labeling of specimen and quality assurance, specimen handling, processing, and accessioning. Topics include professionalism, ethics, and medical terminology.

G.  LEARNING OUTCOMES: The student will demonstrate knowledge of infection control and safety; demonstrate understanding of quality assurance and the importance of specimen collection in the overall patient care system; and demonstrate knowledge of collection equipment, various types of additives used, special precautions necessary, and substances that can interfere in clinical analysis of blood constituents.  The student will demonstrate proper techniques to perform venipuncture and capillary puncture on adults, children, and infants; and demonstrate the knowledge of requisitioning specimen transport and specimen processing.

H. COURSE PRE-REQUISITE(S): Permission of the instructor or MLAB 1201 (completed or concurrently)  II. COURSE COMPETENCIES:
        1. Collect and process biological specimens for analysis.
                   SCANS: Resources, Technician, Personal Qualities

        2. Demonstrate professional conduct and interpersonal communication skills
            with patients, laboratory personnel, other health care professionals, and with
            the public.
                   SCANS: Interpersonal Skills, Personal Qualities, Resources

III. LECTURE  OBJECTIVES: Upon completion of the course and without the aid of references, and with 70% accuracy unless otherwise specified, the student will be able to:

1. Explain the role of the phlebotomist in a medical lab.
2. Identify the common specimens collected and their uses in the medical lab.
3. Identify basic equipment and supplies used by phlebotomist and explain proper use.
4. Identify and describe items on a collection tray.
5. Collect appropriate laboratory specimens by venipuncture and capillary techniques.
6. Recognize the role of the Phlebotomist in the laboratory and in specimen collection.
7. Identify the role of the Phlebotomist in quality assurance for the laboratory and specimen collection.
8. Identify components and use of blood specimens in the laboratory.
9. Differentiate between urine collection procedures.
10. Identify reasons for and how to prevent chemical interferences in laboratory assays.
11. Identify common physical conditions which may interfere with laboratory assays and to recognize the role of the phlebotomist in the prevention of these interferences in laboratory assays.
12. Recognize the role of the phlebotomist in the identification and documentation of physical interferences which may interfere with laboratory assays.
13. Identify equipment and supplies commonly used in specimen collection.
14. Identify necessary equipment for a micro collection tray.
15. Identify necessary equipment for a venipuncture collection tray.
16. Identify and give examples of special instructions for collection of blood and the circumstances that require them.
17. Identify factors which influence effective communication between the patient, physician, laboratory and phlebotomist.
18. Identify the information that a correctly filled out requisition form needs to contain.
19. Identify the steps for proper identification of a patient and to recognize the need to document identification.
20. Identify the major departments in a clinical laboratory.
21. Name three accrediting agencies for Clinical Laboratories.
22. Recognize collection procedures and equipment used to insure the collection and documentation of a quality specimen.
23.  Recognize the phlebotomist's role in the management of inventory and quality assurance of equipment and supplies.
24. Define nosocomial infection and identify the phlebotomists role in prevention.
25. Identify infection control and isolation procedures used during specimen collection.
26. Identify factors dealing with safety in specimen collection.
27. Recognize emergency procedures required for fainting, bleeding, respiratory failure, circulatory failure, and prevention of shock.
28. Recognize procedures and equipment necessary for the transportation and delivery of quality specimens.

IV.  LABORATORY OBJECTIVES: (COGNITIVE AND PSYCHOMOTOR)

Upon conclusion of the phlebotomy clinical experience the student will be able to:

1. Select the appropriate equipment needed to perform a venipuncture including needle, syringe or vacutainer holder, blood tubes alcohol wipe, sterile gauze, tourniquet and band aid.
2. Select the appropriate blood collection tubes considering the tests requested, minimum sample requirements and the needs of the patient.
3. Identify and select a suitable venipuncture or capillary site.
4. Properly prepare a venipuncture or capillary site.
5. Apply a tourniquet correctly.
6. Perform a venipuncture correctly using appropriate technique and order of draw, observing the recommended safety precautions.
7. Perform the necessary follow-up care on patients following a venipuncture or capillary procedure.
8. Identify appropriate sites for capillary puncture in children and adults
9. Perform a capillary puncture using acceptable technique and observing appropriate safety precautions.
10. Collect a suitable blood specimen following capillary puncture.
11. With 100% accuracy, properly identify patients prior to performing any procedure.
12. Observe appropriate precautions and procedures when collecting specimens under isolation conditions.
13. When appropriate, notify nursing personnel of specimen collection irregularities or potential problems.
14. Observe appropriate specimen preservation and handling procedures.
15. Identify situations where special precautions may be necessary including Nursery, Pediatrics, ICU/CCU, Emergency Room, Surgery and other special areas of the hospital and take action as necessary.
16. Properly inform the patient of any procedures.
17. Properly identify him/herself to the patient.
18. Label all specimens correctly with the necessary information.
19. Properly dispose of all used equipment.
20. Collect  80% of assigned patient using acceptable technique and following appropriate safety procedures.
  V. AFFECTIVE DOMAIN OBJECTIVES FOR  LABORATORY AND LECTURES: 1. The student demonstrates dependability by notifying on campus instructor and clinical supervisor of tardiness and/or absences.
2. The student maintains a rigid attendance policy in which there is only excused absences or tardiness.
3. The student maintains a clean and orderly work area.
4. The student accepts constructive criticism as a learning process.
5. The student demonstrates inquisitiveness by asking necessary questions concerning practical performance or theoretical application of laboratory procedures.
6. The student acquires competence and independence in the correct performance of laboratory procedures.
7. The student concentrates on what he is performing, answers questions where necessary and minimally interrupts others during the performance of a laboratory procedure.
8. The student performs assigned tasks with interest and enthusiasm.
9. The student understands what he is to do when given oral or written directions.
10. The student performs work at pace of peer groups with minimum procedural errors.
11. Students follow all safety policies and adheres to the department's Exposure Control Plan (EPC) and Chemical Hygiene Plan (CHP).
VI. UNIT TITLES: VII. LEARNING ACTIVITIES:

A. TYPES:

B. TOPICS DISCUSSED: VIII. TEXT AND MATERIALS, ATTENDANCE, ASSIGNMENTS, TESTS, PARTICIPATION: A. REQUIRED TEXTBOOK: PHLEBOTOMY HANDBOOK: BLOOD COLLECTION ESSENTIALS,  7TH EDITION
by: Diana Garza and Kathleen Becan-Mcbride

B. MATERIALS:

1. Pen or Pencil
2. Sharpie

C. ATTENDANCE:

Students are expected to attend each class session and to follow the attendance policies as described in the MLAB student handbook. Should a student find it unavoidable to miss a lab session, the student is responsible for arranging to make up the missing work   D. ASSIGNMENTS: All assignments are due at the time specified by the instructor.  Late assignments will have points deducted.

E. STUDY QUIZZES WILL BE ASSIGNED TO BE TAKEN AT THE COMPUTER CENTER

F. TESTING AS SCHEDULED: All exams will be announced on course calendar/schedule. Students are responsible for being present for all exams. No makeup exams will be given.  Students absent on day of exam will be given a zero.

G. PARTICIPATION: The student is expected to participate actively in each learning activity in lab and class sessions.
IX. ADDITIONAL RESOURCES:

Basic Medical Laboratory Techniques , 4th edition
by Barbara H. Estridge, Anna P. Reynolds and Norma J. Walters

Phlebotomy Workbook for the Multiskilled Healthcare Professional
by: Susan King Strasinger and Marjorie A. Di Lorenzo

X. EVALUATION AND GRADING:

Grades for the course will be determined as follows:

Cognitive 50%

Clinical Evaluation 50% Grading scale:

            90-100 = A
            80- 89 = B
            70- 79 = C
            60- 69 = D*
            below - 60 = F*

STUDENTS MUST PASS BOTH THE LECTURE AND LABORATORY PORTIONS OF THE COURSE WITH AT LEAST A "C" AVERAGE. SHOULD A STUDENT NOT RECEIVE A PASSING AVERAGE IN EITHER SECTION, THE LOWER OF THE TWO GRADES WILL BE USED TO ASSIGN THE FINAL GRADE

* may not be used to meet graduation requirement for  MLAB Program

XI.  STATEMENT ON DISABILITIES:

Students with disabilities, including learning disabilities, who wish to request academic adjustments in this class should notify the Disability Services Office early in the semester so that the appropriate accommodations may be made.  In accordance with federal law, a student requesting academic adjustments must provide documentation of his/her disability to the Disability Services Counselor.  For more information, call or visit the Counseling Center at Tandy #205 (956-544-8292)


    **Emergency Academic Continuity Program

In compliance with the Emergency UTB/TSC Academic Continuity Program, academic courses, partially or entirely, will be made available on the MyUTBTSC Blackboard course management system. This allows faculty members and students to continue their teaching and learning via MyUTBTSC Blackboard http://myutbtsc.blackboard.com in case the university shuts down as a result of a hurricane or any other natural disaster.

The university will use Blackboard to post announcements notifying faculty members and students of their responsibilities as a hurricane approaches our region. If the university is forced to shut down, faculty will notify their students using Blackboard on how to proceed with their course(s). To receive credit for a course, it is the student’s responsibility to complete all the requirements for that course. Failure to access course materials once reasonably possible can result in a reduction of your overall grade in the class.

To facilitate the completion of classes, most or all of the communication between students and the institution, the instructor, and fellow classmates will take place using the features in your MyUTBTSC Blackboard and UTB email system. Therefore, all students must use Scorpion Online to provide a current email address. Students may update their email address by following the link titled “Validate your eMail Account” in MyUTBTSC Blackboard Portal. In the event of a disaster that disrupts normal operations, all students and faculty must make every effort to access an internet-enabled computer as often as possible to continue the learning process.


From the Office of Vice President for Academic Affairs

UTB/TSC monitors academic progress every fall and spring semester to identify those students who are experiencing difficulty with their courses.  Satisfactory Academic Progress (SAP) is based upon two components:  GPA of 2.0 or higher and successful course completion of at least 70% of course work attempted.  Students remain in good standing with the university and Financial Aid when both criteria are met.  Students who do not maintain these required minimum standards will be placed on probation or suspension as appropriate.  The complete Satisfactory Academic Progress policy and the Undergraduate Satisfactory Academic Progress for Financial Aid policy can be found in the current Undergraduate Catalog. 


Note: Syllabus can be subject to change upon instructor's discretion and need.

Revised by Ana Linville on August 24, 2007