|Ch. 5||Rules and Regulations|
Each game shall begin with a toss. The toss is normally done by hitting the bird in an upward motion. Whichever side the nose of the bird points toward in the winner and receives the choice of three options. Flipping a coin or racquet are optional tosses.
Play is started by an underhand serve and a side can score only when serving. Each time an exchange or rally is won while serving, one point is recorded for the server. If the rally is lost while serving, neither side is awarded a point. Instead, the serve passes to the opponent or the next player in rotation if playing doubles. All games are played to 15 points. A player or team must be ahead by two points to wind the game. If the score is tied 14-14, play continues until one side is ahead by two points.
A match shall consist of two out of three games. The players shall change ends at the beginning of the second game. If a third game is needed, the players change ends at the beginning of the game and after one player has scored eight points. The purpose of the change of ends of the court. If players forget to change ends, they shall change as soon as their mistake is discovered.
A serve is considered completed upon completion of the swing or contact with the bird. Swinging and missing the bird on the serve counts as an attempt and results in loss of serve. Unlike tennis, only one attempt is allowed for a player to put the bird into play. A serve must be made to correct court. The server should not serve until the receiver is ready. The receiver does not have to play the serve if they are not ready. They should let the shuttle fall and raise one hand over their head, indicating they were not ready. Any attempt to hit or return the serve puts the bird in play an signifies that the player was ready A server may not use a feint or fake to deceive their opponent.
In doubles, the receiver's partner may not strike a serve meant for his/her partner. Loss of the rally and point is the penalty for this action. After the serve is returned either person may return the bird in doubles.
If the shuttle lands outside the boundary line, goes into or through the net, hits the roof, side walls, or anything hanging above the court, the rally is over and the player committing the fault is penalized by losing the rally. In gymnasiums where low beams or other obstructions hang over the courts, birds hitting these obstructions may be counted as a let.
A player may not contact the bird on his/her opponent's side of the court. He/She must wait for the bird to enter their side before making contact. The net divides the court and the bird is considered to be on your side when it enters the space above the net.
Touching the net with your racquet, your body, or your clothes which the bird is "in play" is a fault. If you hit the net following a stroke after your shot has struck the floor, it does not result in a fault because the point is over.
Only one hit is allowed per return. If the bird does not go over the net after one hit, it is a fault and loss of the rally is the result.
If a player is hit by the bird, whether he is standing within the boundary lines or out of bounds, it is a fault and the player who is hit losses the rally. Catching a bird that is obviously out to avoid having to bend over and pick it up is also a fault.
A player may not intentionally hold his racquet or extend it above the net when it would obstruct the opponent's stroke. This will happen occasionally when a player close to the net hits a poor net shot and tries to defend against a smash. On the other hand, holding the racket in front of your face for protection is a good maneuver and any resulting shot is acceptable.
The receiver is entitled to see the complete service motion. This rule is applicable in doubles when the server's partner stands between or blocks the receiver's vision, An obstruction of the serve is a fault on the serving team.
Play must be continuous. A player may not leave the court or rest at any time from the start to the conclusion of the match. A five minute rest interval between the second and third game is allowed in all matches if either player requests it.
The umpire shall give warning about keeping play continuous first, then an official 2nd warning, and for each delay over ten seconds after the 2nd warning, loss of service or a point will depend upon whether server or receiver is stalling. (Top of Page)
Pington, like all sports, has unwritten as well as written rules. Common courtesies and etiquette should be a part of each match.
Conduct on the Court